Jaguar Cars Ltd., known commonly as “Jaguar” is a Britain based luxury car manufacturer having its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England. The brand is a subsidiary of the Indian automobile and commercial vehicle manufacturer “Tata Motors”. The company was originally founded in 1922 as the Swallow Sidecar Company by Sir William Lyons and William Walmsley. The company initially manufactured motorcycle sidecars before it started manufacturing passenger cars. The company’s name was later changed to “Jaguar” after World War II owing to its “SS” initials which connoted the German secret police Schutzstaffel governed by Heinrich Himmler during the war. Jaguar merged with British Motor Corporation in 1968. Later British Leyland joined the merger. Jaguar is a prestigious brand and has produced cars such as XJ model for the Prime Minister and holds a royal reference from HRH Prince Charles and HM Queen Elizabeth II. All Jaguar models are designed at the Whitley plant in Coventry and the Gaydon site in Warwickshire. The manufacturing activity is carried out at the Castle Bromwich assembly plant near Birmingham. Jaguar started becoming well known when it introduced its series of classy sports sport car models like the XK 120, XK 140 and the XK 150. Other models produced by Jaguar are the MK VII, IX, Mks I and II saloons, and the XJ6. The brand is also responsible for manufacturing the British Army's Scorpion Light Armoured Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle and its subsequent variants. Jaguar also conceptualized and developed the Fox Milan reconnaissance vehicle, Fox Scout armored vehicle, Ferret Scout Car, and also the Stonefield four-wheel drive all terrain lorry. The Jaguar brand belongs to the sports cars as well as the premium cars category.
Jaguar has an impressive lineup of executive cars such as the Mark V, VII, VIIM, VIII, IX, X, 420G, XJ6 Series 1, 2 & 3, XJ12, XJ6, XJ40, XJ12, XJ81, X300, X301, XJ8, X308, XJ-X350, and XJ-X351 models; sports models like XK120, XK140, XK150, E-Type, XJ-S, XJ220, XK8, XKR, and XKR; racer models such as the C-Type, D-Type, E-Type Lightweight, XJR-5 through XJR-17, Bonneville XFR, and XKR GT2 RSR; and compact executive models like Mark 1, Mark 2, S-type, 420, 240, 340, S-type, X-type, and XF.