The Saab Automobile AB auto manufacturer, known commonly as Saab, is an undertaking of the Swedish aerospace and defense company Saab AB. Saab is an acronym for Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget. The brand’s parent company Saab AB was established in 1937 before the beginning of the Second World War to build aircraft for the Swedish Air Force. After the war, Saab AB felt the need to diversify and manufacture domestic products owing to a decrease in demand for fighter aircraft. This led to the formation of its automobile division - Saab Automobile AB. The brand was previously owned by a Dutch automobile manufacturer “Swedish Automobile NV”. The brand holds an exclusive Royal Warrant for being the preferred vehicle brand for the King of Sweden. Saab Automobile was acquired by General Motors (GM) in 1990, and General Motors later sold it to Spyker Cars N.V. which is now Swedish Automobile. Saab manufactured its first passenger car “Saab 92001” or “Ursaab” as a part of Project 92 in 1947. The brand has its root in aviation products owing to the legacy of its parent aircraft manufacturing company, and this fact is exhibited in all the models developed by Saab. Saab 92001 had the lowest drag coefficient of 0.30 compared to the coefficient factor of vehicles manufactured by other automobile makers. Saab 95, a wagon variant was subsequently introduced in 1959 followed by other Saab models such as the Saab 94 which was one of the first Saab Sonetts. A unique feature of all Saab models is the presence of the prefix “9” which appears before each model number. The final models of the Sonetts series were the 9-3 and 9-5 models manufactured in Trollhättan, Sweden. The Saab 9-7X model was manufactured by General Motors till 2008. Safety has always been the main priority with all Saab variants and models. Each model is subjected to the Älgtest test or the “elk” test. With the exception of 9000 and 9-2X models, all Saab models have a floor-mounted ignition system yielding more leg-space and bolstered dashboards for the front-seat occupants. Other features incorporated into various Saab models and variants are a metal bar which rotates over the ergonomically floor mounted ignition system when the key is turned to “Lock” position, placement of the ignition system next to the parking brake lever and the gear assembly which helps the driver in saving time, diagonally-split dual brake circuits, the world’s first headlamp wipers and washers system, heated front seats, impact-absorbing and self-repairing bumpers, a turbo-engine with “wastegate” valve to divert exhaust gases from the turbine wheel boost, Automatic Performance Control (APC) system, an anti-knock sensor, split-field side mirror to reduce the driver's “blind spot” area, asbestos-free brake pads, direct ignition which eliminates the distributor and spark plug wires, CFC-free air-conditioning systems, a 32-bit micro-processor based 'Trionic' engine management system, Sensonic clutch, Black Panel, active head restraints (SAHR) to reduce the risk of whiplash, SVC Variable Compression engine, Cross-wheel drive, and an advanced all-wheel drive system with eLSD. All Saab prototypes and models spell class and cutting edge technology cleverly conceived into a classic automobile product defining great driving pleasure and comfort coupled with reliable safety features.
Saab has an extensive lineup of many variants and models such as the Saab 92, 93, GT750, 94 Sonett I, 95 estate, 95, 95 V4, 96, Sport, Monte Carlo 850, 96 V4, Monte Carlo V4, 97, Sonett II, Sonett III, Saab Formula Junior, SAABO caravan/camper/travel trailer, 99, 900, 90, 600, 9000, 900, 9-3, 9-2X, 9-7X, 9-5,9-3 SportSedan, 9-3 Convertible, 9-3 SportCombi, 9-3X, 92001 or Ursaab, Monster, 60, Quantum, Catherina, MFI13, Toad, 98, EV-1, 9000 Cabriolet, 9XX Concept, Saab 9-3 SportHatch, 9-5 Aero BioPower, Aero-X, 9-4X BioPower, 9-X Biohybrid, 9-X Air, 9-3 ePower sport wagon, and the PhoeniX (2011).